|endocrinologist and type of medicine|
An endocrinologist is part of sub-specialty of medicine, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to our hormones. The field of endocrinology covers various human functions including the coordination of respiration, metabolism, sensory perception, movement, and reproduction. Endocrinology also focuses on the endocrine glands and the tissues that secrete hormones. Your general physician will refer you to this specialist when he finds problems related to your endocrine system.
What is the Endocrine System?
It is an extremely complex group of glands (organs that create hormones). Hormones control activities in your body, including reproduction, growth & development, and metabolism. Hormones are also responsible for controlling the way we respond to our surroundings and aid the body when it comes to providing the energy it needs to function correctly. The endocrine system is made up of various glands, including the thyroid, ovaries, pancreas, hypothalamus, and parathyroid.
Tests Performed & Drugs Provided by Endocrinologists
An endocrinologist will order tests designed to uncover evidence of any one of a number of diseases in the endocrine system and will prescribe certain medication once a problem has been discovered. Below, we look at the range of tests carried out and the medication that is prescribed:
- Diabetes: Those suffering with this condition will have extremely high blood sugar levels and will find converting food to energy very difficult. The tests carried out on diabetic patients include a random plasma glucose test, fasting plasma glucose test, and oral glucose tolerance test. ACTOS is a commonly prescribed drug for those with Type 2 diabetes.
- Thyroid: The thyroid gland is located below the voice box at the front of the neck. It releases hormones that affect muscle strength, brain development, and cholesterol levels among other important bodily functions. T4 and T3 tests are carried out with the goal of measuring the amount of active thyroid hormone that is available to body tissues. Such testing can also be used to discover if a patient has Graves’ disease or a similar disorder. Treatments for hyperthyroidism include radioactive iodide treatment and anti-thyroid pills.
- Reproduction: Tests will be prescribed to check the level of hormones released from sex organs. The level of progesterone produced can be discovered via a serum progesterone test analysis and this indicates whether or not ovulation has occurred. A follicle-stimulating hormone blood test checks to see if a woman possesses enough healthy eggs for fertility. Progesterone gel such as Crinone 8% may be prescribed for infertile women with progesterone deficiency.
- Bone: If your body doesn’t release enough calcium into the blood or conversely releases too much, there will be symptoms such as bone loss and unusual levels of Vitamin D in the blood. An endocrinologist will check to see the level of calcium in the blood and also ask for a 24-hour urine test. Bisphosphonates is a relatively new form of medication designed to build stronger bones and this may be recommended.
An endocrinologist is a specialist doctor and can help you overcome hormonal problems and successfully combat issues, such as low bone density and reproduction failure through expert care and the responsible prescribing of suitable medication.
My name is Martha and I enjoy writing about issues relating to health and wellness, such as how to find a naturopathic doctor, the best ways to treat thyroid issues and where to find an endocrinologist in Phoenix, Arizona.
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